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Patient Info

Our Health Library information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Please be advised that this information is made available to assist our patients to learn more about their health. Our providers may not see and/or treat all topics found herein.

Avascular Necrosis (Osteonecrosis)

Avascular necrosis occurs when the blood supply to tissue, such as cartilage and bone, is decreased or stopped. Without an adequate blood supply, the tissue breaks down and dies.

Avascular necrosis may be caused by an injury, such as forceful impact in a car crash, or may occur as a complication of a hip fracture or dislocation. Conditions such as sickle cell anemia, gout, and lupus may lead to avascular necrosis. Long-term use of alcohol or medicines, such as corticosteroids, increases the risk of avascular necrosis.